HISTORY OF YOGA:-
|history of yoga timeline|
Pre-Classical YogaThe beginnings of Yoga were created by the Indus-Sarasvati human advancement in Northern India more than 5,000 years prior. The word yoga was first referenced in the most seasoned holy messages, the Rig Veda. The Vedas were an accumulation of writings containing tunes, mantras, and customs to be utilized by Brahmans, the Vedic clerics. Yoga was gradually refined and created by the Brahmans and Rishis (spiritualist soothsayers) who reported their practices and convictions in the Upanishads, a gigantic work containing more than 200 sacred texts. The most prestigious of the Yogic sacred writings are the Bhagavad-Gîtâ, made around 500 B.C.E. The Upanishads took the possibility of custom penance from the Vedas and disguised it, showing the penance of the sense of self through self-learning, activity (karma yoga) and shrewdness (jnana yoga).
Classical YogaIn the pre-old style arrange, yoga was a hodgepodge of different thoughts, convictions, and procedures that regularly tangled and negated one another. The Classical time frame is characterized by Patanjali's Yoga-Sûtras, the principal deliberate introduction of yoga. Kept in touch with some time in the subsequent century, this content depicts the way of Raja Yoga, regularly called "traditional yoga". Patanjali composed the act of yoga into an "eight-limbed way" containing the means and stages towards getting Samadhi or edification. Patanjali is frequently viewed as the dad of yoga and his Yoga-Sûtras still unequivocally impact most styles of present-day yoga.
Post-Classical YogaA couple of hundreds of years after Patanjali, yoga experts made an arrangement of practices intended to revive the body and draw out life. They dismissed the lessons of the old Vedas and held onto the physical body as the way to accomplish illumination. They created Tantra Yoga, with radical systems to rinse the body and psyche to break the bunches that predicament us to our physical presence. This investigation of these physical-profound associations and body-focused practices prompted the production of what we principally consider yoga in the West: Hatha Yoga.
Modern PeriodIn the late 1800s and mid-1900s, yoga experts started to venture out toward the West, standing out and adherents. This started at the 1893 Parliament of Religions in Chicago when Swami Vivekananda wowed the participants with his talks on yoga and the comprehensiveness of the world's religions. During the 1920s and 30s, Hatha Yoga was unequivocally advanced in India with crafted by T. Krishnamacharya, Swami Sivananda and different yogis rehearsing Hatha Yoga. Krishnamacharya opened the first Hatha Yoga school in Mysore in 1924 and in 1936 Sivananda established the Divine Life Society on the banks of the blessed Ganges River. Krishnamacharya delivered three understudies that would proceed with his heritage and increment the prominence of Hatha Yoga: B.K.S. Iyengar, T.K.V. Desikachar, and Pattabhi Jois. Sivananda was a productive writer, composing more than 200 books on yoga, and built up nine ashrams and various yoga bases situated on the world.
The importation of yoga toward the West still proceeded at a stream until Indra Devi opened her yoga studio in Hollywood in 1947. From that point forward, a lot progressively western and Indian educators have moved toward becoming pioneers, advancing hatha yoga and increasing a large number of devotees. Hatha Yoga currently has a wide range of schools or styles, all underscoring the wide range of parts of the training.
History Of Yoga Timeline Introduction :
|history of yoga timeline|
Yoga is basically an otherworldly order dependent on an incredibly inconspicuous science, which spotlights on bringing agreement among psyche and body. It is craftsmanship and science of sound living. The word 'Yoga' is gotten from the Sanskrit root 'Yuj', signifying 'to join' or 'to burden' or 'to join together'. According to Yogic sacred writings, the act of Yoga prompts the association of individual cognizance with that of the Universal Consciousness, demonstrating an ideal agreement between the psyche and body, Man and Nature. As indicated by present-day researchers, everything known to man is only an appearance of a similar quantum atmosphere. One who encounters this unity of presence is said to be in yoga and is named as a yogi, having accomplished a condition of opportunity alluded to as mukti, nirvana or moksha. Along these lines the point of Yoga is Self-acknowledgment, to conquer a wide range of sufferings prompting 'the condition of freedom' (Moksha) or 'opportunity' (Kaivalya). Living with opportunity in varying backgrounds, wellbeing and concordance will be the principal destinations of Yoga practice."Yoga" likewise alludes to an internal science including an assortment of techniques through which people can understand this association and accomplish authority over their destiny. Yoga is broadly considered as an 'interminable social result' of Indus Saraswati Valley development – going back to 2700 B.C., has substantiated itself taking into account both material and profound upliftment of humanity. Basic accommodating qualities are the very personality of Yoga Sadhana.
A Brief History and Development of Yoga:The act of Yoga is accepted to have begun with the very first light of human progress. The study of yoga has its root a huge number of years back, some time before the main religions or conviction frameworks were conceived. In the yogic legend, Shiva is viewed as the main yogi or Adiyogi, and the principal Guru or Adi Guru.
A few thousand years prior, on the banks of the lake Kantisarovar in the Himalayas, Adiyogi emptied his significant learning into the unbelievable Saptarishis or "seven sages". The sages conveyed this amazing yogic science to various pieces of the world, including Asia, the Middle East, Northern Africa, and South America. Strikingly, current researchers have noted and wondered about the nearby parallels found between old societies over the globe. Nonetheless, it was in India that the yogic framework discovered its fullest articulation. Agastya, the Saptarishi who traversed the Indian subcontinent, made this culture around a center yogic lifestyle.
Various seals and fossil survives from Indus Saraswati valley human progress with Yotic thought processes and figures performing yoga demonstrate the nearness of Yoga in India. The Number of seals and fossil survives from Indus Saraswati valley progress with Yogic intentions and figures performing Yoga Sadhana recommend the nearness of Yoga in antiquated India. The phallic images, seals of symbols of mother Goddess are suggestive of Tantra Yoga. The nearness of Yoga is accessible in people customs, Indus valley human progress, Vedic and Upanishadic legacy, Buddhist and Jain conventions, Darshanas, stories of Mahabharat and Ramayana, mystical customs of Shaivas, Vaishnavas, and Tantric customs. Likewise, there was a primordial or unadulterated Yoga which has been shown in mysterious conventions of South Asia. This was when Yoga was being drilled under the immediate direction of Guru and its spiritual worth was given exceptional significance. It was a piece of Upasana and yoga sadhana was inbuilt in their ceremonies. Sun was given the most elevated significance during the Vedic period. The act of 'Surya Namaskar' may have been developed later because of this impact. Pranayama was a piece of day by day custom and to offer the oblation. Even though Yoga was being rehearsed in the pre-Vedic period, the incomparable Sage Maharshi Patanjali systematized and classified the then existing practices of Yoga, its importance and its related information through his Yoga Sutras. After Patanjali, numerous Sages and Yoga Masters contributed extraordinarily for the protection and advancement of the field through their very much reported practices and writing.
SuryanamaskaraHistorical confirmations of the presence of Yoga were found in the pre-Vedic period (2700 B.C.), and from that point till Patanjali's period. The primary sources, from which we get the data about Yoga rehearses and the related writing during this period, are accessible in Vedas (4), Upanishads(108), Smritis, lessons of Buddhism, Jainism, Panini, Epics (2), Puranas (18) and so forth.
Likely, the period between 500 BC - 800 A.D. is considered as the Classical time frame which is likewise considered as the ripest and unmistakable period in the history and advancement of Yoga. During this period, critiques of Vyasa on Yoga Sutras and Bhagavadgita and so forth came into existence. This period can be for the most part devoted to two incredible religious instructors of India – Mahavir and Buddha. The idea of Five incredible pledges – Pancha mahavrata-by Mahavir and Ashta Magga or eightfold way by Buddha - can be all around considered as early nature of Yoga sadhana. We locate its progressively express clarification in Bhagavadgita which has intricately exhibited the idea of Gyan yoga, Bhakti yoga and Karma Yoga. These three sorts of yoga are as yet the most noteworthy case of human astuteness and even today individuals discover harmony by following the techniques as appeared in Gita. Patanjali's yoga sutra other than containing different parts of yoga is chiefly related to eight crease way of Yoga. The significant editorial on Yoga sutra by Vyasa was likewise composed. During this very period, the part of the brain was given significance and it was unmistakably brought out through Yoga sadhana, Mind and body both can be brought leveled out to encounter equanimity. The period between 800 A.D. - 1700 A.D. has been perceived as the Post Classical period wherein the lessons of incredible Acharyatrayas-Adi Shankracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhavacharya-were unmistakable during this period. The lessons of Suradasa, Tulasidasa, Purandardasa, Mirabai were the incredible givers during this period. The Natha Yogis of Hathayoga Tradition like Matsyendaranatha, Gorkshanatha, Cauranginatha, Swatmaram Suri, Gheranda, Shrinivasa Bhatt is a portion of the incredible characters who promoted the Hatha Yoga works on during this period.
The period between 1700 - 1900 A.D. is considered as Modern period in which the incomparable Yogacharyas-Ramana Maharshi, Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Paramhansa Yogananda, Vivekananda and so forth have contributed for the advancement of Raja Yoga. This was the period when Vedanta, Bhakti yoga, Nathayoga or Hatha-yoga prospered. The Shadanga-yoga of Gorakshashatakam, Chaturanga-yoga of Hathayogapradipika, Saptanga-yoga of Gheranda Samhita, were the principle tenents of Hatha-yoga.
Presently in contemporary occasions, everyone has felt about yoga rehearses towards the conservation, upkeep, and advancement of wellbeing. Yoga has spread everywhere throughout the world by the lessons of incredible characters like Swami Shivananda, Shri T.Krishnamacharya, Swami Kuvalayananda, Shri Yogendra, Swami Rama, Sri Aurobindo, Maharshi Mahesh Yogi, Acharya Rajanish, Pattabhi Jois, BKS. Iyengar, Swami Satyananda Sarasvati and such.
B.K.S. Iyengar was the organizer of the style of yoga known as "Iyengar Yoga" and was viewed as one of the preeminent yoga educators in the world clearing Misconceptions:
For some, the act of yoga is limited to Hatha Yoga and Asanas (stances). In any case, among the Yoga Sutras, only three sutras are devoted to asanas. essentially, hatha yoga is a preliminary procedure with the goal that the body can continue more elevated amounts of vitality. The procedure starts with the body, at that point the breath, the brain, and the internal identity.
Yoga is likewise generally comprehended as a treatment or exercise framework for wellbeing and wellness. While physical and psychological wellness is common outcomes of yoga, the objective of yoga is progressively expansive. "Yoga is tied in with fitting oneself with the universe. It is the innovation of adjusting singular geometry to the enormous, to accomplish the largest amount of observation and congruity."
Yoga does not cling to a specific religion, conviction framework or network; it has consistently been drawn nearer as an innovation for inward prosperity. Any individual who practices yoga with the association can receive its rewards, independent of one's confidence, ethnicity or culture. Traditional Schools of Yoga: These various Philosophies, Traditions, ancestries and Guru-shishya paramparas of Yoga lead to the rise of different Traditional Schools of Yoga, for example, Jnana-yoga, Bhakti-yoga, Karma-yoga, Dhyana-yoga, Patanjala-yoga, Kundalini-yoga, Hatha-yoga, Mantra-yoga, Laya-yoga, Raja-yoga, Jain-yoga, Bouddha-yoga and so on. Each school has its own standards and works on promoting the ultimate point and targets of Yoga.
Yogic Practices for Health and Wellness:The broadly rehearsed Yoga Sadhanas (Practices) are Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana (Meditation), Samadhi/Samyama, Bandhas and Mudras, Shat-karmas, Yukta-Sahara, Yukta karma, Mantra Japa, etc. Yama's are restrictions and Niyama's are observances. These are viewed as pre-requisites for the Yoga Sadhanas (Practices). Asanas, fit for realizing the security of body and brain ' kuryat-bit asanam-sthairyam...', comprises in receiving different body (psycho-physical) designs, offering capacity to keep up a body position (steady attention to one's basic presence) for an impressive length and timeframe also.
Various stances of PranayamPranayama comprises in creating consciousness of one's breathing trailed by the unyielding guideline of breath as the utilitarian or indispensable premise of one's presence. It helps in creating familiarity with one's brain and sets up authority over the psyche. In the underlying stages, this is finished by creating familiarity with the 'progression of in-breath and out-breath' (svasa-prasvasa) through nostrils, mouth and other body openings, its interior and outer pat